Boston Tea Party

     The Boston Tea Party was the key-event for the Revolutionary War. With this act,
the colonists started the violent part of the revolution. It was the first try
of the colonists, to rebel with violence against their own government. The
following events were created by the snowball effect. There, all the colonists
realized the first time, which they were treated wrong by the British
government. It was an important step towards the independence dream, which was
resting in the head of each colonist. They all flew from their mother country to
start a new life in a new world, but the British government didn't gine them the
possibility by controlling them.
     The events leading to the Boston Tea Party began already ten years before
(1763), when the English won the French-and-Indian War. The king of Britain
passed taxes on the colonies to make up for the loss of money because of the
war. He did it in a line of acts, called the Sugar Act (tax to protect and
secure the colonists) and the Stamp Act ( tax on all licences, newspapers and
business papers ). The colonists reacted with protests against those acts, what
made the British Parliament to repeal the taxes within 5 months. Then they (the
government) passed taxes on lead, paint, paper and tea. These acts were called
the Townshed Duties, but the colonists called them the "Insidious

Acts". Mass meetings were held and people tried to influence others not to
buy English imported goods anymore. In the end the parliament removed all the
taxes except for tea. Actually the colonists easily didn't want to accept, to
pay taxes to a government, they don't really belong to anymore. Although this
tax on the tea cost a colonial family just pennies a year. Sam Adams, a kind of
leader of the colonists, figured out, that the tax could be raised or lowered by
the parliament at will. (Sam Adams: "The power to tax is the power to
destroy!" ).He also pointed out, that the colonists had no representation
in the Parliament, and that they can't be taxed without having a representation
in there, to care for their interests and wills. However, most people drank tea
smuggled in from the Netherlands, so they didn't care very much whether the
parliament raises or lowers the taxes. When the East India Tea company realized,
that the colonists were drinking cheap, smuggled tea, the Parliament gave them (
the company ) the monopoly to export tea without paying duties. That way the tea
could be much cheaper than the holland tea, even with the taxes. This act was
called the Tea Act, which was of great importance for the following Boston Tea

     The colonists reacted to this act by holding meetings to discuss it. Supporter
of the revolution (just to name some of them: John Adams, John Hancock, Dr.

Joseph Warren) wrote letters of protest to the government's officials, but they
didn't achieve anything. The tea ships arriving in Boston still had to pay the
full British tax.
     In September, 1773, a radical group of colonists found out, that three East

India tea cargo ships, laden full with tea, were heading for Boston under full
sail. They knew, that if the ships got unloaded and the tax would be paid, it
would be a crushing defeat.
     The same radical group wanted to make the agents of the East India Company
resign from their job in front of a big crowd, but this part didn't work. Over
the following weeks speeches in form of propaganda were made, to get all
colonists informed about the events. People even quitted drinking tea (what they
did for their whole life ) and started drinking coffee.
     The actual event On November 18th, 1773, the ships arrived. Pamphlets were
posted to arrange a meeting between the citizens and the governor ( Hutchison ),
called the "Committee of Correspondence". They wanted him to call the
ships back to Britain. When he didn't agree, a bunch of men, disguised as

Indians, went and stormed towards the harbor, planning to throw the tea into the
bay. They divided in three groups, each of them with one leader. After they made
the captain and his crew getting down below, they grabbed all the boxes of tea,
opened them and threw them overboard. Even some members of the crew helped them
to destroy the tea. A big crowed was created in the harbor, some of them even
tried to steal some tea. Altogether they destroyed 340 chests. At 10:00 pm the
event was over, and the streets of Boston were empty again. The next day
everybody was happy, and plans were made, to public the important event in all
colonies of America.
     The reactions of the British Government were called the "Intolerable

Acts". The Boston Harbor was closed by 4000 British soldiers, so that

Boston couldn't get any food or other important goods. But this act failed it's
mission, because the other colonists sent the Boston citizens food and other
life important goods. They also created a militia to protct themselves of the

British army. They also weren't allowed to held any meetings in Boston anymore.

These tries to get the colonies under their control again were the last ones
with a view of success.